Refer to the figure that illustrates the backpropagation multilayer network with layers. represents the number of neurons in th layer. Here, the network is presented the th pattern of training sample set with -dimensional input and -dimensional known output response . The actual response to the input pattern by the network is represented as . Let be the output from the th neuron in layer for th pattern; be the connection weight from th neuron in layer to th neuron in layer ; and be the error value associated with the th neuron in layer .
2013: New EU I-Size regulation is introduced: “i-Size” is the name of a new European safety regulation, UNECE Regulation 129 that affects car seats for children under 15 months of age. It came into effect in July 2013 and provides extra protection in several ways, most notably by providing rearward facing travel for children up to 15 months instead of 9 to 12 months, which the previous EU regulation advised. Read more about I-Size . This new regulation is to be phased in between 2013 and 2018 and will be run in parallel to UNECE R44/04 until 2018 when it completely supersedes it.
The . program is designed to provide the students with research-level expertise in a focus area within electrical and computer engineering and breadth of knowledge in areas related to the focus area. In addition to taking a set of courses in a chosen area of concentration, a key aspect of the doctoral degree is the student's research dissertation. Each dissertation is expected to be a significant original contribution on research on a chosen subject, which usually leads to one or more archival publications. Successful doctoral students develop the aptitude and confidence for generating new knowledge and practices in academic, industrial, and governmental environments.